Type 2 diabetes is a chronic illness that affects the way the body metabolizes blood sugar. It is also referred to as noninsulin-dependent diabetes. With type 2 diabetes, either the body does not produce enough insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels, or it produces sufficient insulin, but the body resists its effects.
Type 2 diabetes used to be known as adult-onset diabetes, but currently, there are as many children affected by the condition as adults. There is no cure for type 2 diabetes, but the afflicted person may be able to manage the illness by maintaining a healthy weight, exercising, and eating healthy food. If the condition cannot be handled with a combination of diet and exercise, medication may be needed.
Type 2 diabetes is closely associated with weight, with about 90 percent of diabetics above their ideal body weight. Slimming down may help prevent diabetes. For people who already have diabetes, shedding pounds can help them manage the condition better.
The first step to losing weight is to determine the size of the gap between your actual weight and your ideal weight. Once you have made that calculation, you can begin planning how to get in better shape. It is ideal to combine diet and exercise. When you go on a diet, however, you should not take drastic measures. Starving yourself by dramatically cutting your caloric intake will backfire. Instead of helping you lose weight, it will slow down your weight loss plan because your body will activate its defenses and enter starvation mode.
If you are not physically active, it’s important to establish a consistent fitness regimen. Make sure to talk to your doctor first, however, so he or she can help you know what kind of exercises to do and how frequently to do them. Do not rush your exercise plan, as you could get hurt. Do it slowly, and increase your routine as you progress.
Diet and exercise are your best defenses against type 2 diabetes. If you already have the disease, they are vital for managing it.